Wednesday, 22 March 2017

Spelling by Margaret Atwood Summary and critical appreciation

Spelling by Margaret Atwood: a critical summary
     
     Margaret Atwood in her poem Spelling has justly presented the conflict between motherhood and profession ( writing; female writers). The poem itself stands a metaphor of the struggles and impediments in the path of a female writer. The poet is a mother, who is also a writer by profession, espying her daughter playing on the floor with plastic letters of colours Red Blue and Green. The hues of the plastic letters suggests the juvenescence of the daughter who remains ignorant about the difficulties and struggles of her mother , which is destined for her also.

     Here the mother is amazed on the learning development of her child . this is indeed a metaphorical way of showcasing the fundamentals of learning and transition into “ learning how to spell, spelling ;how to make spells”.(4-6). The first spell refers to the child's attempt to learn the correct way to spell a word. the second spell is a window to future. it refers to the act of casting spells . here words take up a darker side and relate to witchcraft.At the same time there is a biblical reference of the sexual spell that Eve casted on Adam.
     The second and the third stanzas reveal a case of substituting motherhood with writing. it refers to the act of locking oneself in a room so that words can be created and poems can be composed. Though a female writer possess a room of her own often she is hindered from expressing herself by certain immaterial barriers. one such barrier is motherhood. The struggle between professional desire and maternal instinct can infuse a feeling of suppression. here a female writer is torn between motherhood and profession.This struggle is analogous to the struggles of those women who were harassed by soldiers during the second world war. The soldiers tied the legs of those women who they raped earlier, thereby preventing them from giving birth. here Atwood sketches how a female writer is being prevented from giving birth to the fruit of her intellect or mind. here the enemy( man or the society) is forcing her to go against her natural ways. here a woman who desires to give birth to a child and a woman who desires to bring out the fruit of her intellect is paralleled.
     she is the same ancestress ( ref of Mary Webster) who was burnt for witchcraft . her mouth was covered so that no last utterances would sow the seeds of rage and revolution , for words are powerful. their last words would have created a furore which were deliberately prevented. here many witches were burnt where their language” fell away from their bones”. This is an implied metaphor of the burning of the  witches’ body along with all their powerful words. at some point “ the rock breaks open”( just like a volcano their body too erupts and their lifeblood( imagination) flows out . these women are hollow and not solid like the granite.
     spoken words are powerful than written words( speech is privileged over writing). the words that one inscribes on their mind remains powerless until they are uttered.Our female writers write, but they are not allowed to speak and they die without leaving their legacy behind. thus their body becomes the metaphor of their suppressed talents and identity( how they are prevented from delivering the fruit of their intellect).
she concludes the poem with an ironical note that how a woman's name becomes a part of her self and how some women don't even possess the right to claim their name(self)
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